2A-D: Rebecca Guthery

of Greene County, Pennsylvania and Pike County, Ohio, USA

Parents: John Guthery 1744PA – 1823OH & Lydia Baldwin 1755PA – 1816OH
Birth: 21 January 1786
Birth Location: Pennsylvania, USA
Marriage: James Daniels on 31 May 1808 in Ross County, Ohio
Death: 15 or 16 June 1819 (33 years old)
Death Location: Ohio, USA
Burial Location: Mound Cemetery, Piketon, Pike, Ohio, USA
At the time of her birth Rebecca’s family lived in what was then designated as Washington County, PA. It became part of Greene County in 1796, and then the family moved to Ohio within the next year or two.

Parents: Unidentified
Birth:: About 1782
Birth Location: Virginia, USA
Occupation: Farmer
Death: 27 February 1828 (abt. 46 years old)
Death Location: Gallia County, Ohio, USA
Burial: Wilkesville Cemetery, Vinton, Ohio, USA
There seems to be very little to be found on James Daniels. According to Mary Gray May, who in 1956, compiled ‘The History of Lieutenant-Colonel John Guthery of Greene County Pennsylvania and of Allied Families’ Rebecca Guthery and her husband James Daniels had two children: Hiram and Eliza. Online trees have added a few other names to that list without any documentation. James’ estate records show that son Hiram was a minor at the time of his death and required designation of a guardian. No such record was found for daughter Eliza, even though she was 6 years younger than her brother, perhaps because she was a girl. Little Eliza would eventually achieve worldwide renown as “Mother Stewart”.


1810OH – 1893WV

Although documents on his father list the surname as Daniels, the next generations dropped the ‘s’. Hiram Guthery Daniel was born on 29 March 1810 in Ohio. I’m not quite certain where James and Rebecca were living at the time. They may have still been in the Ross / Pike County area. Hiram’s mother died when he was only nine years old, and his father about nine or ten years later. In the eyes of the law, he was still a minor, and so petitioned the court at nineteen years of age for the appointment of a guardian. At the age of 22, Hiram was appointed a U.S. Postmaster for Wilkesville, Gallia, Ohio on 15 January 1833. He married Eliza Whiton, the daughter of Joseph & Amanda Whiton, in Gallia County, Ohio on 5 May 1835. They had 2 daughters and 5 sons. Wilkesville became part of Vinton County in 1850. Hiram was listed as a merchant. He moved the family to Pomeroy, Meigs, Ohio by 1860 and was working as a banker. In his later years he was a farmer and coal proprietor. His wife Eliza died 15 Jun 1885 and is buried at Beech Grove Cemetery. At about 78 years of age, Hiram remarried to Mary Sage (Woodworth) Garfield, the widow of Harrison Garfield. After Hiram’s death on 30 Nov 1893 in West Virginia, Mary returned to Massachusetts.
1) Katharine Whiton Daniel 1836OH-1910TN m. William Perry Rathburn +children
2) James Garfield Daniel c1838OH-1860OH died of consumption at 22 years of age.
3) Joseph Whiton Daniel 1838OH-1858OH died at 20 years of age.
4) Edward Vernon Daniel 1840OH-1842OH died aged 2 years
5) Hiram Guthery Daniel 1843OH-1844OH died during infancy.
6) Mary Garfield Daniel 1846OH-1930OH m. George Wyatt Plantz +children
7) Henry Martyn Daniel 1847OH-1874NY. Drowned in Chautauqua Lake. No known wife or children.

Y-DNA Project Participants: N/A – Descendant of a Female Guthrie
Autosomal DNA Participants: No

1816OH – 1908OH

Eliza Daniel was born on 25 April 1816 in Piketon, Pike, Ohio. She was only 3 years old at her mother’s death in 1819 and 12 when her father died in 1828. When her brother Hiram was appointed the US Postmaster of Wilkesville, Gallia, Ohio in 1833, he officially made her an assistant postmaster. Eliza is believed to be the first woman to officially hold that position. She attended the local schools and continued her studied at seminaries in Granville and Marietta, Ohio. Eliza was a school teacher. Her first marriage took place in Gallia, Ohio on 18 January 1842 to Joseph B Cooves, but he died within a few months of the marriage. At the age of 32, she married Hiram Stewart on 6 Dec 1848. He was the son of a prominent farmer in Athens County. Eliza cared for two stepsons, and gave birth to five children, all of whom died during their infancy.

Eliza Daniel Stewart organized a lodge of the Good Templars, a temperance organization, and gave her first lecture in Pomeroy, Ohio. During the Civl War, she was named “Mother Stewart” for organizing supplies to be sent to Union soldiers, and visiting the sick and wounded soldiers in camps in the South. The family moved to Springfield, Ohio after the war, and in 1867 Eliza founded and served as president of the city’s first suffrage organization. She organized her temperance activities by encouraging the wives and mothers of drunks to prosecute liquor dealers under Ohio’s Adair Act, which allowed them to sue for damages if they sold alcohol to their husbands or sons. The success of a court victory inspired the women of Springfield to petition the city council to adopt a local ordinance against alcohol. This spurred speaking invitations from around the state. On 2 December 1873, she established the first Women’s Temperance League, a predecessor to the National Women’s Christian Temperance Union. She eventually carried her message to Great Britain, France, Germany, and Switzerland. The final years of her life were spent in Hicksville, Ohio. Ninety-two at her death on 6 August 1908, she was buried at Ferncliff Cemetery in Springfield, Ohio. [SOURCE]
1) Unidentified – died in infancy.
2) Unidentified – died in infancy.
3) Unidentified – died in infancy.
4) Unidentified – died in infancy.
5) Unidentified – died in infancy.

Y-DNA Project Participants: N/A – Descendant of a Female Guthrie
Autosomal DNA Participants: N/A – No surviving descendants


BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH: Eliza Daniel Stewart – Wikipedia

BOOK: Stewart, Eliza. Memories of the Crusade: A Thrilling Account of the Great Uprising of the Women of Ohio in 1873, against the Liquor Crime. 1888

BOOK: Stewart, Eliza. The Crusader in Great Britain; or, The History of the Origin and Organization of the British Women’s Temperance Association. 1893

BOOK: James, Edward T., ed. Notable American Women, 1607-1950. Cambridge, MA: The Belknap Press of Harvard University, 1971.

BOOK: McHenry, Robert, ed. Famous American Women. NY: Dover, 1980.

BOOK: Read, Phyllis J., and Bernard L. Witlieb. The Book of Women’s Firsts. NY: Random House, 1992.

WEBSITE: Temperance & Prohibition. The Ohio State University College of Arts & Sciences.

ARTICLE: Erin M. Masson, The Women’s Christian Temperance Union 1874-1898: Combating Domestic Violence, 3 Wm. & Mary J. Women & L. 163 (1997), https://scholarship.law.wm.edu/wmjowl/ vol3/iss1/7

ENGRAVING: Eliza Daniel “Mother” Stewart portrait. Ohio History Connection Selections.

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